Equifax: a quick accounting note on capitalizing expenses

It’s possible that Equifax is pulling on accounting levers to juice its earnings and the Adjusted EBITDA that it reports.  Capitalizing expenses (e.g. software development costs) creates profits now and losses later- it changes the timing of when expenses are recognized.

  1. On the balance sheets, capitalized internal-use software grew from 212.5M to 307.0M (an increase of 44% per year, or 94.5M).  This area of accounting is subjective- should software development costs be amortized over 3 years, 10 years, or somewhere in between?  What expenses should be considered capex?  Should these expenses even be capitalized?- some software companies don’t capitalize software development costs at all.  The answers are not clearcut.  However, accounting distortions can occur if a company were to suddenly aggressively capitalize expenses that it previously expensed.
  2. While capitalized internal-use software grew 94.5M, consolidated income before income taxes grew 91.6M in the same timeframe.  So it’s possible that Equifax’s growth is not as fast as it seems.

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